Apologetics Resource Hub


We benefit from the work of brothers and sisters around the world who have looked long and hard into complex issues such as the church, how the church has treated women, sexual ethics, hell, politics, and the inerrancy of Scripture. A 30-40 minute sermon is insufficient to cover all of our questions. To equip you with additional tools to think deeply about these topics, the pastoral staff has created this list of resources to help us biblically and prayerfully think through more of these questions.

We hope these resources will be helpful.

But WHAT About?

Whether you are someone considering Jesus for the first time, trying to hold on to your faith, or want to share the hope you’ve found in Jesus with others, you’ve probably asked: “But what about…?” 

We all have these questions. In this sermon and study series we a look are looking at seven of the most common questions. On the same night that Jesus was arrested, he told his disciples “I have spoken these things to you while I remain with you. But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and remind you of everything I have told you.” If we are to be reminded of what the Savior said, we first need to know it. We need to reflect over it. We need to diligently seek what living according to the divine commands looks like in our present context. 

We all have “But what abouts….” In this session of theFormed.life we are focusing on STUDY as together we ask “But what about?” questions. How does Jesus respond to our “what abouts?” Let’s find out together. 

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Select a tab to open up a list of resources.

The Church?

  • A Church Called Tov – Scot Mcknight and Laura Barringer
    We need a better way. The sad truth is that churches of all shapes and sizes are susceptible to abuses of power, sexual abuse, and spiritual abuse.
    How do we keep these devastating events from repeating themselves? We need a map to get us from where we are today to where we ought to be as the body of Christ. That map is in a mysterious and beautiful little Hebrew word in Scripture that we translate as “good,” the word tov. In this book, McKnight and Barringer explore the concept of tov―unpacking its richness and how it can help Christians and churches rise up to fulfill their true calling as imitators of Jesus.

  • theFormed.Life Podcast on Church Governance (Episode 17)
    How are churches structured and governed? Kevin Rauckman and Tom Nelson join host Bill Gorman, bringing their extensive experience in church planting, architecture, and governance to the conversation. They explore the significance of accountability, the role of national denominations, the complexities of power dynamics, and the importance of checks and balances in church and business leadership. The conversation covers the practical wisdom and principles that can guide churches and organizations in their governance and leadership roles.
The Bible

  • How the Bible Came to BePhylicia Masonheimer
    This little book is all about the canon of the Bible—or how the books we hold in the Bible today came to be. How are they compiled? How are they chosen? Why do they have authority? Why do we believe what they say? This resource will also focus on the three foundational elements of understanding the Bible itself: inspiration, inerrancy, and infallibility.

  • theFormed.life Podcast on the CSB Translation of the Bible (Episode 12)
    Bible translation is an often misunderstood process, which can lead to difficulties in choosing a translation that fits the needs of the reader. Dr. Dorian Coover-Cox provides an enlightening journey through the world of Bible translation. She discusses the challenges, decisions, and goals involved in bringing the ancient text to life in different languages. From the importance of understanding the original Hebrew and Greek to the intricacies of translating idioms, you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the remarkable work of scholars and translators.

How the Church Has Treated Women

  • Developing Female Leaders Kadi Cole
    What would your church look like if it maximized the dormant gifts of the women God has brought there? Discover how to develop and leverage women’s leadership abilities within your congregation. Leadership and people development veteran Kadi Cole offers a practical strategy to help church and organizational leaders craft cultures that facilitate the development of women as volunteer and staff leaders.

  • Women in the Mission of the ChurchLeanne Dzubinski and Anneke Stassen
    Women have been central to the work of Christian ministry from the time of Jesus to the 21st century, yet the story of Christianity is too often told as a story of men. This accessibly written book tells the story of women throughout church history, demonstrating their integral participation in the church’s mission.

  • Men and Women in Christ: Fresh Light from the Biblical Texts Andrew Bartlett
    The debate about men and women in the church and in marriage continues to cause division among Christians. Most books on this issue are written from a firmly partisan point of view – complementarian or egalitarian. In this book, Bartlett invites the reader to move beyond complementarian and egalitarian labels and seeks progress toward healing the division.

Christian Sexual Ethics

Christ Community Position Papers

Emerging Gender Identities – Mark Yarhouse and Julia Sadusky
This book offers a measured Christian response to the diverse gender identities that are embraced by an increasing number of adolescents. The authors offer an honest, scientifically informed, compassionate, and nuanced treatment for all readers who care about or work with gender-diverse youth.

Does the Bible Support Same-Sex Marriage?21 Questions from a Historically Christian ViewPreston Sprinkle
Equipped with thorough research, history, and biblical context, this book will enable you to wade into some of the main arguments against the historically Christian view of marriage.

Rethinking SexualityJuli Slattery
Sexual abuse, sex addiction, gender confusion, brokenness, and shame plague today’s world, and people are seeking clarity and hope. By contesting long-held cultural paradigms, this book equips you to see how sexuality is rooted in the broader context of God’s heart and his work for us on earth. It provides a framework from which to understand the big picture of sexual challenges and wholeness, and helps you recognize that every sexual question is ultimately a spiritual one. It shifts the paradigm from combating sexual problems to confidently proclaiming and modeling the road to sacred sexuality.

theFormed.life Podcasts


Christianity and Politics
  • The Liturgy of Politics: Spiritual Formation for the Sake of Our Neighbor Kaitlyn Schiess
    Schiess shows that the church’s politics are shaped by its habits and practices even when it’s unaware of them. She insists that the way out of our political morass is first to recognize the formative power of the political forces all around us and then to recover historic Christian practices that shape us according to the truth of the gospel.


  • Cultural Intelligence: Living for God in a Diverse, Pluralistic WorldDarrell Bock
    This book builds a theology of cultural engagement and equips readers to relate well to their culture with an eye on the example set by the Apostle Paul in the New Testament. The timely thoughts highlight the need to center our beliefs and practices around God’s word while interacting well with a culture increasingly detached from biblical truth.
All the Suffering in the world
  • The Deepest PlaceCurt Thompson
    Dr. Thompson invites us to explore how the Apostle Paul’s experience of love, secure attachment, and the deeply felt sense of God’s abiding presence carried him through the challenges he faced—and how it can help us not just survive but flourish in the presence of suffering.
  • Walking with God Through Pain and SufferingTim Keller
    Why is there so much pain and suffering in the world? How do we handle it in a way that won’t destroy us but could actually make us stronger and wiser? Many books attempt to explain evil and suffering intellectually, while others offer mere inspirational stories. In this book, Keller attempts to unify the complex questions and experiences related to suffering. He explores the philosophical problem of suffering, then the rich biblical teaching on the subject, and finally, the actual experience of dealing with suffering in the most practical terms.
  • How Long O Lord – D.A. Carson
    This clear and accessible treatment of key biblical themes related to human suffering and evil is written by one of the most respected evangelical biblical scholars alive today. Carson brings together a close, careful exposition of key biblical passages with helpful pastoral applications.
  • The Problem with Pain – C.S. Lewis
    The author examines a universally applicable question within the human condition: “If God is good and all-powerful, why does he allow his creatures to suffer pain?” With his signature wealth of compassion and insight, Lewis offers answers to these crucial questions and shares his hope and wisdom to help heal a world hungering for a true understanding of human nature.
What about Hell?
  • Four View on Hell (2nd Edition)
    Focusing on recent theological arguments, this book highlights why the church still needs to wrestle with the doctrine of hell. In the fair-minded and engaging Counterpoints format, four leading scholars introduce us to the current views on eternal judgment, with particular attention given to the new voices that have entered the debate.

  • A Parent’s Guide to Talking About Hell – Axis.org
    Axis.org seeks to equip parents to talk with their teens about difficult topics. This resource specifically informs parents on the various views on hell while also providing potential connecting points for parents to create with their teens so there can be an ongoing conversation between parent and child.

  • The Great Divorce – C.S. Lewis
    Lewis again employs his formidable talent for fable and allegory. The writer finds himself in hell boarding a bus bound for heaven. The amazing opportunity is that anyone who wants to stay in heaven can. This is a starting point for an extraordinary meditation upon good and evil, grace and judgment. The revolutionary idea is the discovery that the gates of hell are locked from the inside. Using his extraordinary descriptive powers, Lewis’ writing will change the way we think about good and evil.

  • The Allure of Gentleness – Dallas Willard
    When Christians share their faith, they often appeal to reason, logic, and the truth of doctrine. But these tactics often are not effective. Dallas Willard suggests that a better approach to spreading Christ’s word is to use the example of our own lives. To demonstrate Jesus’ message, we must be transformed people living a life reflective of Jesus himself, a life of love, humility, and gentleness.

theFormed.life Podcast

Coming in February – Listen to this conversation with Dr. Harold A. Netland, Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Intercultural Studies at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, concerning the exclusivity of Jesus and Christianity.

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